Focus on Africa

International hunting is a proven method of successful species and ecosystem conservation across the globe, and especially in southern Africa. It provides direct benefits in support of wildlife conservation programs and local communities: funding for range state government programs, assistance in controlling problem animals, “boots on the ground” anti-poaching, and community livelihoods improvements like social services and distributions of hunted meat. Yet, some individuals and organizations routinely advocate against international hunting, primarily based on misinformation, misguided emotions, and an unwarranted desire to dictate how range states should manage their wildlife.

International hunting generates funds for communities and local governments, in addition to funding for management of species and habitat protection. While hunting involves the highly regulated harvest of individual animals, the revenues and direct benefits incentivize conservation of the species. It is no surprise that the world’s largest populations of African elephant, lion, leopard, rhino, buffalo, giraffe, mountain zebra, and many more species inhabit the very countries where they are sustainably hunted.

Sustainable use of wildlife creates value for those living side-by-side with wildlife, who ultimately will determine its future. Those communities are more likely to tolerate human-wildlife conflict – an all-too-frequent reality in rural Africa. Restrictions on international hunting or trophy mementoes have serious negative consequences: unemployment rises, human-wildlife conflict escalates, habitats are degraded, poaching increases, and wildlife populations plummet. The science is clear: hunting results in more wildlife, more wild landscapes, and a better coexistence with nature.


101 Facts on Hunting and Conservation You Probably Didn't Know